In the afternoon of May 9th, Stephen Finlay, professor of Southern California Philosophy College and director of the Department of Philosophy of the Catholic University of Australia, was invited by the Honors College to give a philosophical lecture called "How to Become an Analytical Naturalist regarding ‘Ought’".
Before the beginning of the lecture, Professor Chen Zhen, from the College of Public Administration, Nanjing Normal University, gave a brief introduction of Professor Finley and the theme of the lecture. Professor Finley received his Ph.D. from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign in 2001. He specializes in normative semantics, moral psychology and practical rationality of metaethics. He is also the author of Confusion of Languages. He has published dozens of papers in world-class academic journals and has lectured in China for many times.
Professor Finley, in his book Language Confusion, based on empirical evidence of natural languages (including English and Chinese natural languages), puts forward the meaning theory of ought judgment, that is, the naturalistic meaning theory of analysis. According to this theory, ought-to-be judgment is a kind of judgment about the probabilistic relationship between purpose or goal. In this lecture, Professor Finley focused on explaining to the students how this theory can provide a pragmatic solution to the problem of "ought" judgment. After Professor Finley shared his research results, Professor Chen Zhen made a brief explanation and summary. Professor Finley answered the questions raised by the audience one by one.
In this lecture on philosophy, students further approached to philosophy and felt the charm of thinking.